Beautiful Istanbul is where modernity and historicity meet. Istanbul Yenikapı has a history of 8500 years, which was discovered in the Odosius port excavation.
Thus, a new era has begun regarding the archaeological history of Istanbul. The first settlement was BC. It was founded by the Greeks in 700 BC. This city was the capital of the Roman and Eastern Roman Empires under the name of Consantiapole.
It was conquered by the Ottoman Empire in 1453 and has been its capital for five centuries. The city began to be called Istanbul by the Turks. Although Istanbul is not the capital of Turkey’s largest city. Due to its location, Istanbul is a bridge between Europe and Asia. Bosphorus and Golden Horn are the most important symbols of the city. Roman period works such as the Basilica Cistern, Çemberlitaş, Hippodrome and the Genoese heritage Galata Tower are in this city.
Byzantine and Ottoman structures complete the city. The most important work among Byzantine structures is Hagia Sophia. Many Ottoman period monuments such as Rumeli Fortress, Topkapı Palace, Blue Mosque, Süleymaniye Mosque, Grand Bazaar and Spice Bazaar are also in this city. Istanbul’s cultural heritage is on the UNESCO World Heritage List. Istanbul is also a modern city. In 2010, Istanbul became the European cultural capital.
Geography of Istanbul
Due to its location, Istanbul is the most special city in the world because it is a bridge between Europe and Asia, the Marmara Sea in the south and the Black Sea in the north. The western part of the city is in Europe and the eastern part is in Asia. Its geographical location also gives the city the characteristics of the east and the west. The waterway that divides Istanbul is the Bosphorus.
It has a very large area where you can see different sub-climates in the same city due to the Black Sea in the north and the Marmara Sea in the south. Overall, especially in the summer months from July to August in an amount of rainfall with hot and humid, very cold, but not from other parts of Turkey, and sometimes snowy winter months. The spring and autumn seasons are mild and this is the best time for visitors.