Beautiful Istanbul, both modern and historicalcity. Istanbul has 8500 years old history, wich discovered by Yeni kapı The odosius port excavation.
So that, new period started about Istanbul’s archaeological history. First settlement established B.C in 700 by Greeks. This city, become the capital of rome and eastrome empire in the name of Constantinapole.
It was conquered by the Ottoman Empire in 1453 and become capital for five centuries. City was started to be called Istanbul by Turks. Istanbul is the largest city in Turkey but it isn’t capital city anymore. Due to its location, Istanbul is a bridge between Europe and Asia. The Bosphorus and Golden Hornare the most important symbols of the city. There are the Roman period works such as Basilica Cistern, Cemberlitas, Hippodrome in the city and heritage of the Genoese Galata Tower is located.
Byzantine and Ottoman buildings complates the city. The most important monuments of Byzantine structures is Haghia Sophia. There are the some of Ottoman period works such as Rumeli Fortress, Topkapı Palace, Blue Mosque, Süleymaniye Mosque, Grand Bazaar and Spice Bazaar in the city. Istanbul’s cultural heritage is at the UNESCO World Heritage list. Istanbul is also a modern city at the same time. In 2010, Istanbul become a European cultural capital.
Istanbul is the most specialcities in the world due to its position as a bridge between Europe and Asia to the south of Istanbul lays the Marmara Sea, and to its north the Black Sea. The Western part of the city is in Europe, and the Eastern is in Asia. This geographical location gives characteristics of east and west to the city at the same time. The water course that divides Istanbul is the Bosphorus.
Istanbul is sohuge area, that you can experience several different sub-climates in the same city because of its stayed between north Black Sea part and south Marmara Sea part. Generally, summer months are warm and humid with little rain especially between July-August, winter months cold and sometimes snowy but not that much as other areas of Turkey. Spring and autumn are soft and this would be the best time for visitors.